FF7/WorldMap Module

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Preamble

The following was originaly described by Tonberry, in qhimm's forum. It was completed by Ficedula sometimes later, who reversed texture data.

Additions in italics by Aali

Two formats

BOT and MAP files are similar; BOT files are redundant and look like optimized versions of the corresponding MAP files.

MAP file follows the structure described below and is used to load single blocks on demand. BOT file contains the same blocks but arranged to speed up initial load time by storing each block and 3 of its neighboring blocks together. For instance, the data stored for the first 2 blocks is (numbers refer to the MAP layout below): 0,1,9,10 1,2,10,11. This pattern repeats up to block #62. Replacement blocks 63-68 are divided in groups for each replacement, i.e. block 64 and 65 are part of the same group since they both belong to the Ultima Weapon crater. These groups are then stored using the same algorithm as above, each 4-block group containing a replaced block is written out again. 1-block replacements thus add 4*4 blocks to the .BOT file while 2-block replacements add 6*4 blocks. Replacements are to be made in order, when writing the data for the Ultima Weapon crater the Temple of the Ancients should be gone and so on. All of this adds up to 63*4 + 4*4 + 6*4 + 4*4 + 6*4 = 332 blocks.

Content

  • WM0 is the above water map.
  • WM2 is the underwater (submarine) map.
  • WM3 is the snowstorm map.

MAP Format

File Structure

A worldmap file is divided in sections of 0xB800 bytes, each section representing a square block of the map.

Map Block

Each block consists in 16 meshes, organized in a grid-like fashion:

Map Block mesh arrangement
0 1 2 3
4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15

A block is recorded following the structure (all pointers are expressed in bytes relative to offset 0 of block):

Pointers have to be aligned to 4-byte boundaries, FF7 ignores the last two bits when reading the file.

For each m in 16 meshes:

size description
4 bytes Pointer to compressed data for mesh m

Followed by, for each m in 16 meshes:

size description
variable Compressed data for mesh m

The data for each mesh is independently compressed using LZSS, so the first 4 bytes are the size in bytes of the compressed data and the rest is the compressed data itself.

WM0.MAP

wm0.map contains 68 blocks. The first 63 of them are arranged in a grid-like fashion, made of 7 rows of 9 columns, like this:

wm0.map block arrangement
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35
36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44
45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53
54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62

The last 5 meshes 63, 64, 65, 66, 67 and 68 replaces meshes 50, 41, 42, 60, 47 and 48 (respectively), according to the story of the game.

Mesh Structure

A worldmap mesh is recorded like this:

Header

Header Structure
size description
2 bytes Number of triangles
2 bytes Number of vertices
typedef struct
{
  uint16 NumberOfTriangles;
  uint16 NumberOfVertices;
} WorldMeshHeader;

Triangle

For each triangle t in number of triangles
size description
1 byte Index of vertex 0 of triangle t
1 byte Index of vertex 1 of triangle t
1 byte Index of vertex 2 of triangle t
5 bits (lowest) Walkmap status of triangle t (see below)
3 bits Unknown, probably script related
1 byte Coordinate u in texture for vertex 0
1 byte Coordinate v in texture for vertex 0
1 byte Coordinate u in texture for vertex 1
1 byte Coordinate v in texture for vertex 1
1 byte Coordinate u in texture for vertex 2
1 byte Coordinate v in texture for vertex 2
9 bits (lowest) Texture (see below)
7 bits Location (message ID that will be displayed in menus and savegames)
typedef struct
{
 uint8 Vertex0Index;
 uint8 Vertex1Index;
 uint8 Vertex2Index;
 uint8 WalkabilityInfo:5;
 uint8 Unknown:3;
 uint8 uVertex0, vVertex0;
 uint8 uVertex1, vVertex1;
 uint8 uVertex2, vVertex2;
 uint16 TextureInfo:9;
 uint16 Location:7;
} WorldMeshTriangle;

Vertex

For each vertex v in number of vertices
size description
2 bytes Coordinate x of vertex v (signed)
2 bytes Coordinate y of vertex v (signed)
2 bytes Coordinate z of vertex v (signed)
2 bytes (Unknown: Coordinate w of vertex v?) Never used for anything in the PC version.
typedef struct
{
  int16 X, Y, Z;
  uint16 Unused; // fill to fit structure to 32bit boundry
} VertexType;

Normal

For each vertex v in number of vertices
size description
2 bytes Coordinate x of normal for vertex v
2 bytes Coordinate y of normal for vertex v
2 bytes Coordinate z of normal for vertex v
2 bytes (Unknown: Coordinate w of normal for vertex v? "Always 0") Never used for anything in the PC version.
typedef struct
{
  int16 X, Y, Z;
  uint16 Unused; // fill to fit structure to 32bit boundry
} NormalType;

structures added by Cyberman 13:43, 10 Jan 2007 (CST)

Walkmap

Each triangle can have one of the 32 different walkmap types described below.

code type description
0 Grass Most things can go here.
1 Forest No landing here, but anything else goes.
2 Mountain Chocobos and flying machines only.
3 Sea Deep water, only gold chocobo and submarine can go here.
4 River Crossing Buggy, tiny bronco and water-capable chocobos.
5 River Tiny bronco and chocobos.
6 Water Shallow water, same as above.
7 Swamp Midgar zolom can only move in swamp areas.
8 Desert No landing.
9 Wasteland Found around Midgar, Wutai and misc other. No landing.
10 Snow Leaves footprints, no landing.
11 Riverside Beach-like area where river and land meet.
12 Cliff Sharp drop, usually where the player can be on either side.
13 Corel Bridge Tiny bridge over the waterfall from Costa del Sol to Corel.
14 Wutai Bridge Rickety rope bridges south of Wutai.
15 Unused Doesn't seem to be used anywhere in the original data.
16 Hill side This is the tiny walkable part at the foot of a mountain.
17 Beach Where land and shallow water meets.
18 Sub Pen Only place where you can enter/exit the submarine.
19 Canyon The ground in cosmo canyon has this type, walkability seems to be the same as wasteland.
20 Mountain Pass The small path through the mountains connecting Costa del Sol and Corel.
21 Unknown Present around bridges, may have some special meaning.
22 Waterfall River type where the tiny bronco can't go.
23 Unused Doesn't seem to be used anywhere in the original data.
24 Gold Saucer Desert Special desert type for the golden saucer.
25 Jungle Walkability same as forest, used in southern parts of the map.
26 Sea (2) Special type of deep water, only used in one small spot next to HP-MP cave, possibly related to the underwater map/submarine.
27 Northern Cave Inside part of the crater, where you can land the highwind.
28 Gold Saucer Desert Border Narrow strip of land surrounding the golden saucer desert. Probably related to the "quicksand" script.
29 Bridgehead Small area at both ends of every bridge. May have some special meaning.
30 Back Entrance Special type that can be set unwalkable from the script.
31 Unused Doesn't seem to be used anywhere in the original data.

Texture

The lower 9 bits contain a texture number (0-511, but only 0-281 appear to be used). Unfortunately, knowing which texture to use is not enough, the UV coordinates found in the mesh data are (presumably) the original PSX VRAM coordinates, so to get the real coordinates you must subtract a texture-specific offset from each of the UV pairs. A complete table with every texture, its original size and offsets can be found here. Sometimes you will end up with negative values after subtracting the offsets, this is normal, the texture should be assumed to repeat itself indefinitely in all directions.